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Last will & testament

Before your death.

This is a must have according to most scholars for all Muslims residing in the west, it will protect their family, spouse, children, wealth and religion in the case of death.

We have put together a"The Muslim's last will & testament form" for you to fill out if you want to, or you can simply prepare your own will...  BUT PLEASE DO

The Basic Rules of Islamic Funerals

The Basic Rules of Islamic Funerals

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

"Every soul shall have a taste of death; and only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your full recompense. Only he who is saved far from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing)." 
[surat Al-Imran, verse 185]

Compiled by Mohamed Baianonie Imam of the Islamic Center of Raleigh, N.C. U.S.A.

The following are some of the issues facing the family members and relatives of deceased individuals. It is requested that Muslims be familiar with these issues at all times since death can approach anyone at any given time or place. I ask Allah (SWT) to bestow on us sincerity in our speech and actions, to forgive our mistakes, and to place us with His pious servants; and for Him to listen and grant us what we ask for. We must always say All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

What are important things that family members and friends should do when someone is dying? 
It is recommended by the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) to do the following:
 

 

What should family members and friends do immediately after the death of their loved one?
 


How should the preparations begin for the Islamic burial?

 

Preparing the dead for burial is a "Fard Kifayah" duty, meaning that if some Muslims properly carry out this duty, then other Muslims are exempt from the responsibility. Preparing the dead for burial consists of the following: Bathing the dead, wrapping the body with a shroud, praying for the dead, and burying the body. Here at the Islamic Association of Raleigh, the Cemetery and Burial Committee will make all the necessary arrangements in consultation with the family members of the deceased. Hence, it is important that the family members contact the Cemetery and Burial committee as soon as possible. Call the IAR @834-9572 and follow the recorded instructions. The telephone numbers of people to contact are posted on the bulletin board at the Masjid and the IAR website (www.Islam1.org).

How is the bathing of the dead (Ghusl) carried out?

Volunteers at the IAR are trained to carry this out and will help you as needed. The following information is for your help.
 


When can Tayammum [dry Wash] be performed on the deceased? 
 


How is Tayammum [dry wash] performed for the dead person?
 


How is the Kafan (the shroud) prepared and placed?
Again, trained members of the community will help you with this.
 


How is the Salatul Janazah performed?

 

All the requirements that are observed in regular prayers should be observed here (i.e. ablution, facing Qibla, etc.) The Janazah (funeral prayer) has six essentials:
 


Can you give us more details on Salatul Janazah ?
 


Can the Salatul Janazah (funeral prayer) be performed inside the masjid?
 


Can women pray Salatul Janazah (funeral prayer)?
 


What are the rules concerning the carrying of the coffin? 
 


What are some of the things one SHOULD NOT DO during the Janazah (funeral)?
 


How is the Islamic burial actually carried out?

 

The scholars, by consensus, have said that burying the dead is a "Faradh Kifaya" and that it is better to perform it as soon as possible.
 


What should the relatives and members of the community do to comfort the family of the dead person? 
 


What kind of things can be done that would benefit the dead?
 


What are the rules concerning the visitation of graves?
 

 

Prohibited Acts While Visiting Graves
 

 

How to wash the deceased body

When a Muslim dies, it is the responsibility of his family or other Muslims to wash him according to the Islamic rites of washing the deceased. Two or three persons may perform the washing.

The person(s) who may wash the deceased should :

Be a trustworthy, and honest adult Muslim(s).

Know the Islamic way of washing the dead and be able to carry out the washing.

Not make any comment on the body of the deceased.

NOTE:

If the deceased is a male, then ONLY males should wash him.

If the deceased is a female, then ONLY females should wash her.

For a married person, the spouse may perform the washing.

For a child, either males or females may do the washing.

PLACE OF WASHING :

The deceased's body should be washed in a clean, secluded, and private place where clean water and soap are available. Gloves or pieces of cloth are needed.

The body of the deceased should be washed with water and, if available, lotus leaves, or camphor (To be used in the final wash).

The washing should be done three or five, or any more odd number of times if necessary.

STEPS OF WASHING :

The body of the deceased should be placed on a table or alike, the deceased's clothes should be removed , and the body should be covered with a sheet of cloth.

The head and the upper body should be raised slightly to insure the washing water with exudations from the body flows down and does not run back to the body.

The Aura (Private parts) of the deceased should be covered with a piece of cloth (The Aura of a male is from the belly button to the knee in the presence of males, for the female is the same in the presence of females).

The washer should start washing by saying:" Bismil - lah "," In the name of Allah ".

The washer winds a piece of cloth around his hand, and with this he cleans away any impurities from the body using water. Then he should dispose of this piece.

The washer should take another piece of cloth around his hand, press lightly the stomach of the deceased so as so to expel, if possible, any remnants from it, and then wash the body of all impurities using water. Then he should dispose this piece of cloth.

The washer should take another piece of cloth around his hand (May use gloves), and wash the covered private parts, then dispose of this piece of cloth.

The washer should perform Wudu (Ablution) on the deceased without inserting the water in the nose and in the mouth.

The washer should clean the body with water and soap (If available), starting from the head (hair, face and beard{Men}), then the upper right side of the body then the left side, after that the lower right side then the lower left.

In the case of a female, her hair should be loosened, washed, combed, and be braided in three braids, and placed behind her back.

The washing should be done three times, or five times, or seven times, as needed, providing that after washing the head, wash the right side before the left, and the upper parts before the lower ones.

In the last wash, the washer may use camphor, or some perfume with the water.

After that the body should be dried with clean towel.

Then the body should be totally covered with a white sheet.

Get ready to start the shrouding.

SPECIAL NOTE : In case the deceased is a female in her menstrual period or have child birth bleeding, padding should be used to prevent blood from leaving the body.

NOTE:

It is recommended that those who performed the washing should take a bath .

It is recommended that those who performed the washing should make Wudu.

All of this is based on authentic Hadith that Um Atiyah narrated that: " When the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) died, he instructed us: Wash her three times, or more than that if you feel it is necessary, with water and sidr(good smelling leaves), and then after the last wash apply some camphor to the body , then loosen her hair, wash it, comb it, and make it in three braids laid behind her back " (Bukhari & Muslim).

NOTE:

There is no Islamic teaching of reading the Quran during the Ghusul.

There is no Islamic teaching of making special thiker (Certain words to remember Allah) during the Ghusul.

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